politics & conservation


There are different types of human entities

1. International agencies .

2. Government.

3. NGO.

4. Communities.

5. Individuals.

6. corporations.



1. Intrnational Agencies for conservation

UNDP:united nations development program

They are providing grants & funds for variety of projects regarding agriculture ,health care ,conservation projects.

2. UNEP : united nation environmental program : facilitates international corporations on environmental issues. Chiefly as a catalyst & information.

3.UNESCO : united nation educational scientific & cultural organization.

they are involved improving world literacy & also involve protecting world cultural & natural heritage : eg:man & biosphere program.


IUCN: world conservation union: promote the protection & sustainable use of living resources.

5.IMF : International Monitoring Fund: currency exchange & loans & negotiates loans.

6. ADB : Asian Development Bank: involve improving infrastructure. road/damp /electric system.



common threats that links these diverse group of conservation

1. Fostering global conservation ethic: improving the humanity is not achieve with out carefull stewardship of natural resources.

2. Regulating globally shared resources : oceans, air are common resources.

the polution in the air & ocean mus be regulated by international conventions.

conserve the organism that lives outside the territorial boundaries & regulate international trade in endangered species.

3. Fascilitating the sharing of financial resources : poorest nations have a vas array of biota it is not fair to expect them to protect the global heritage alone

4. fascilitating sharing of information : conservation of biodiversity requires vast amount of information international agencies involve to fascilitate the exchange of information via : publications , computerised data base & conferances.



1. developing & enforcing environmental regulations

1. setting a quata for no of fish that can be havested

2. compelling to install air pollution contrl device.

3. compelling farms\ers & house owners for minimising wasting water


2.conserving publically own resources.

·                     all aquatic ecosystem & many terrestrial eco systems are publically own.

·                     government involve in natural resource management by maintaining well trained staff of resource managers.

·                     issuing long term leases to ensure sound conservation .

working with local communities to conserve.

3. encouraging conservation through economic policy.

·                     they can offer financial insentives for activities that contribute to conservation & financial dis insentives for activities that are harmfull.


·                     providing students with the education they need to be responsible citizens,

·                     support universities & research institutions for their enviornmental research.

·                     filling the information vacuum.



NGO's  such as world wide fund for nature involved conservation activities through out the world.



·                     internalising the enviornmental cost of doing business.

·                     exceeding th standards of environmental regulations such as green labelling.

·                     finding enovative ways to advance conseervation :eg. use their packaging to carry conservation msg to their consumers.


in rural areas common resources are used groups of people who live in the same area .

harvest of wild plants / animals minimising admospheric polution



1. be informed read ,listen & think .

2. become experienced .

3. because wisdom need with information.

4. communicate :

5. make ur life style consistant with ur values.

6. support conservation groups

7. become a proficional conservationist & keep ur prospective

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