Life styles of organism found in the pelagic zone in the ocean
3 major life styles of organism found in the pelagic zone in the ocean.
The animals feed on neuston are pleuston . part of their bodies projected into air .and not capable of directional locomotion.sails possessed by them enable the movement with the direction of wind.
All are carnivores belongs to hydrozoan Cnidaria : Vellella & Physalis
These are found on surface and are highly productive part of the ocean & supports biomass of life.
They are bluish in colour. : Zooplankton, decapods crustacean, floating fish eggs.
They are weakly swimming organisms so they mostly depend on water currents for locomotion.
According to the size they are classified into:
Ultra nanoplankton , nanoplankton, microplankton , megaplankton.
They capture the sun’s energy to marine environment is important.
Among those diatoms are most important.
Dinoflagellates also common neritic & mid latitude waters. Their blooms form red tides. They release toxins to surrounding waters & kill many aquatic organisms.
They are also small ,capable of limited movement feed on phytoplanktons.
They are : micro planktons ,macro planktons, mero planktons
Micro planktons : protozoans such as foraminiferans ,radiolarians & tintinnids.
Foraminiferans are primarily benthic although some planktonic forms are common
They have Calcium carbonate shells ,shells sink & become part of the sediments.
Sediment is also called “ globigerinous ooze “ .
Radiolarians have silica skeleton of intricate lattice work extending from the body as spines.
Sediments of their skeleton are called radiolarian ooze.
Tintinnids are small ciliated protozoa with shells called lorica . shell is made up of chitinous material secreted by protozoan & it may adorned with particles o sand / coccoliths.
These are Ctenophora & chaetognatha .
Ctenophora shows rotational movements using their Ctenes.
And scyphozoan medusa & siphonophora are 2 groups of Cnidaria are colonial forms.
Few annalids ,snails & tunicates also included.
They are species that spend part of their life cycle in plankton. most of them are larval forms. Such as mysids in shallow water spend day time in benthos & night among plankton. Often have a sessile stage in their life cycle.scyphozoan medusa.
These animals can swim well &can move against the water current. Fishes, squids,marine mammals ,marine reptiles are included.